UFW manages iptables in a little bit easier way than actually writing IPtables commands.
This article will give a few examples of UFW usage.
Why Use a Firewall?
Every server listens on a port. Most clients know to go to that specific port to communicate and interact with the server. You may not want people interacting with all of the services on your server. The orange box of this netstat command shows all open ports.
Even though they are open and listening, we can use a firewall to let them speak to only certain computers, or no external computers.
Find Your IP, So You Can Allow Yourself
http://whatismyip.org is a good graphical tool, but you can also pull your ip information from the command line using ifconfig or curl.
Installing UFW on Ubuntu
First we install ufw packages
apt-get install ufw
Default Deny Rule
Next, set the default policy to deny everything.
ufw default deny
UFW Allow Services
We’ll need to add the services and ports we want. Here are a few examples that are specific
ufw allow proto tcp from 10.123.0.0/16 to any port 22 ufw allow proto tcp from 18.104.22.168 to any port 22
And here are some more wide open examples:
ufw allow proto tcp from any to any port 80 ufw allow proto tcp from any to any port 443 ufw allow from 22.214.171.124
You can also specify named ports as found in the /etc/services:
ufw allow ssh ufw allow http ufw allow https
Here is a sample of the list of named services:
Enabling Firewall Rules
Finally, enable logging and then enable the changes you made:
ufw logging on ufw enable
View UFW Status/Rules
You can review iptables directly:
or you can see ufw’s status like so:
ufw status ufw status numbered
First, find the rule numbers, then delete them (x = the rule number):
ufw status numbered ufw delete X